How to Make Homemade Wine

Wine Making Step by Step

Have you ever wanted to make your own wine? It’s a daunting task if you’ve never tried it before but we’ve got you covered.  Below you’ll find both a step by step video of the process as well as a very detailed list of instructions that will guide you in your homemade wine making adventure. We’ve also done all the homework for you and put together the entire list of ingredients and equipment that you’ll need to become your own vineyard.

For your convenience, we’ve linked all the equipment and necessary ingredients to You can buy everything you’ll need through this post. First – watch the video and take some notes. This is a rewarding and fun thing that many Italian, Argentinian, Spanish, Australian and even some second-generation American families have enjoyed for a long, long time. It’s a great tradition to get started in your own family. Get the know-how and then get to making some vino!!



If this is your first time attempting to make wine at home, we would suggest reading this book before you get started. Might save you some headaches down the line. Otherwise, here are the essentials…

What you will need…

*All equipment can be purchased here through these links

Other items that are useful but not essential are:

All of these items can be found at a winemaking supply store. While shopping for equipment, make sure to pick up the following specific ingredients that you will need to add to your wine. We’ve provided links to these ingredients which can also be purchased through Amazon.

Step One – Choose your recipe and fruit

For your first attempt at winemaking, it is usually best to stick to a simple, straightforward recipe for grape wine. You probably have familiarity as to what a grape wine should taste like, and it’s usually easy to find suitable grapes or grape concentrate. Remember to inspect your fruit carefully. Crush a couple of grapes between your fingers and taste the juice. If you have purchased a hydrometer, use it to measure the grapes’ sugar content. It should be between 22 and 24 brix, which means that the alcohol content of the wine will be approximately 11 percent. Next, thoroughly wash fruit, removing any debris or insects. Throw out any grapes that appear to be rotting. Make sure to remove the stems from the grapes. The stems can cause a wine to taste bitter.

Step Two – Wash your equipment

It is essential that you begin with a sanitary environment and absolutely clean equipment before starting the process of making wine. Used bottles, in particular, should be sterilized before being used again.

Step Three – Extract flavor

Depending on the recipe that you are following, you will need to extract the aroma and flavor of the fruit by crushing, chopping, soaking, pressing, or boiling. The extracted fruit is called “must.” Make sure to follow the recipe’s instructions carefully with this procedure. It can make or break the quality of the wine. Once extracted, the must will be placed in a primary fermentation container.


Step Four – Blend Additives

There is more to wine than just fruit, and these other ingredients are necessary to the flavor, quality, and shelf life of your vintage. Pay close attention to the order in which you blend in additives. Additives are generally blended with the must in the primary fermentation container. However, the yeast may not be added in until days after the other additives are blended.

One additive that is called for in almost every wine recipe is a Campden tablet. This is actually a sulfite that prevents oxidation and growth of wild yeast while promoting the growth of cultured yeast.

Pectic enzyme is another common additive used in fruit wines. It helps promote flavor, aroma, and acid extraction from the fruit. Tannin is also frequently needed to add bite to white wines. And, of course, sugar and yeast are necessary to produce a wine’s alcohol. Granulated sugar is the best sugar for making wine. Avoid using brown or powdered sugar. Some recipes, however, do use honey instead of sugar. The yeast that is required for winemaking is different than bread yeast. Ask your winemaking retailer which variety is required for the type of wine that you are making.

Once the additives have been blended into the primary fermentation container, the wine will begin fermenting. This process usually lasts from 3 to 10 days during which time the container should be covered loosely with a piece of cloth and a rubber band around the opening.

Step Five – Transfer into the fermentation container

Once the initial fermentation process has ceased, the wine will need to be placed into a glass jug that is sometimes referred to as a “carboy.” To do this, you will first need to strain the pulp from the liquid and then pour the liquid through a funnel into the container. Once the wine has been poured, the container needs to be fitted with a fermentation trap, called an “airlock.” The wine will need to ferment in this container for several weeks.


Step Six – Rack Wine

The procedure of racking the wine is essential to winemaking. Racking is the process of siphoning the wine off the sediments into a clean secondary fermentation container. This can be done with a flexible plastic tube. Racking is usually done on a regular basis over several months until the wine is clear and ready to be placed in bottles.

Step Seven – Bottling

Finally, when the wine is sufficiently clear and the fermentation process has ended, it will be time to bottle your vintage. The easiest way to transfer the wine from a secondary fermentation container into bottles is to siphon it using the tubing that you used for racking. It is important not to overfill the bottles and to secure corks tightly. Newly bottled wine should be stored upright for the first three days. After that, it should be stored on its side at 55 degrees Fahrenheit. White wine should be aged for at least 6 months before sampling, and red wine should be aged for a minimum of 1 year.

More Helpful Tools


Twitter Digg Delicious Stumbleupon Technorati Facebook Email

No comments yet... Be the first to leave a reply!